Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:322 issue:4 pages:1204-13
Both the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus are agonist-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores. The Golgi apparatus has Ca2+-release channels and a Ca2+-uptake mechanism consisting of sarco(endo)plasmic-reticulum Ca2+-ATPases (SERCA) and secretory-pathway Ca2+-ATPases (SPCA). SPCA1 has been shown to transport both Ca2+ and Mn2+ in the Golgi lumen and therefore plays an important role in the cytosolic and intra-Golgi Ca2+ and Mn2+ homeostasis. Human genetic studies have provided new information on the physiological role of SPCA1. Loss of one functional copy of the SPCA1 (ATP2C1) gene causes Hailey-Hailey disease, a skin disorder arising in the adult age with recurrent vesicles and erosions in the flexural areas. Here, we review recent experimental evidence showing that the Golgi apparatus plays a much more important role in intracellular ion homeostasis than previously anticipated.