Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology. vol:19 issue:9 pages:865-74
Lidocaine block of single cardiac sodium channels was studied in cell free inside-out patches of ventricular cells isolated from guinea-pig hearts. When applied to the inner surface of the membrane lidocaine depressed Na channel currents by decreasing the probability P of the channels to open measured from the peaks of the averaged currents. In parallel to the decrease in P the relative number of empty sweeps (nulls) was increased. Half maximum block of the activity of single Na channels was observed at 2.9 microM. Lidocaine affected the gating behaviour of Na channels by shortening of the mean open time tau 0 from 0.44 +/- 0.17 (control) to 0.19 +/- 0.13 (5 microM lidocaine, holding potential-120 mV, test potential -60 mV). Five micromolar lidocaine completely suppressed burst-like openings of Na channels and abolished the slow decaying phase of the averaged currents. A shift from - 120 towards - 160 mV exerted relief from the effect of both P and tau 0.