Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology. vol:341 issue:4 pages:341-6
The pharmacological modification of the thrombin effect on the mechanical and electrical responses of frog heart was examined in the Straub heart preparation and in single ventricular cells. Associated with the positive inotropic action thrombin increases voltage and duration of action potentials of isolated frog ventricular cells. As found by the patch-clamp technique in the cell-attached mode, thrombin stimulates single L-type Ca2+ channels, presumably mediated by a second messenger. The enhancement of contractility by thrombin depends on the proteolytic activity of the enzyme because enzymatically inactivated thrombin has no effect on frog hearts. The positive inotropic effect of thrombin as well as its stimulation of Ca2+ channel currents were inhibited by the protein kinase C blocker 1-(5-isoquinoline-sulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H7). However, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a known stimulator of protein kinase C, was ineffective in stimulating the inotropic action of thrombin. The inhibition of the thrombin-induced enhancement of contractility by indometacin indicates an involvement of arachidonic acid in the action of thrombin on frog heart.