Experimental Cell Research vol:252 issue:2 pages:303-18
Recently, we have partially purified and characterized a specific cell cycle-regulated cyclin B2 kinase (cyk) from prophase oocytes of Xenopus laevis after an ATP-gamma-S activation step (R. Derua, I. Stevens, E. Waelkens, A. Fernandez, N. Lamb, W. Merlevede, and J. Goris, 1997, Exp. Cell Res. 230, 310-324). In the present paper we describe its purification to homogeneity. We could identify the kinase as a special form of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), consisting of five isoforms with molecular masses ranging from 52 to 83 kDa. At least three of them could be considered as novel. Using an in vivo assay with a synthetic peptide (cyktide), an activation of the kinase was shown at about 50% maturation. Further evidence for this observation came from the injection of the calcium chelator BAPTA and the specific cyk/CaMKII inhibitor AIP. A delay of oocyte maturation of at least 1 h was observed. Besides serine 53, a second cyk phosphorylation site in cyclin B2 was identified as threonine 41. Site-directed mutagenesis of these sites indicated that phosphorylation of these sites in Xenopus cyclin B2 was not required for the hallmark functions of cyclin B2.