K.U.Leuven - Departement toegepaste economische wetenschappen
DTEW Research Report 9912 pages:1-36
This study examines to what extent the content of participation may cohere with the type of relationship between the different stakeholders. Four participation domains - strategic, planning, social and operational themes – and two types of stakeholder relationship -relationships of justice and care - were being distinguished. Case study research on four participation workgroups indicated that relationships of care occur when operational themes of optimizing a work situation were being discussed. Important aspects of a relationship of care were attention towards needs of the stakeholders, connection among stakeholders and respect for the perspectives of others. In contrast, relationships of justice develop when a strategic theme involving constriction and reduction was the focus of the discussion. Important aspects of relationships of justice were contrasting interests, autonomous and separate orientation and protection of rights. An important condition that influenced the development of relationships of care or justice was leadership style.