Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology. vol:438 issue:2 pages:195-204
The role of membrane traffic in the stimulation of apical Na+ permeability caused by increases in cytoplasmic cyclic AMP was assessed by measuring the effects of forskolin on transepithelial capacitance (CT), transepithelial conductance (GT), and short-circuit current (Isc) in A6 cultured toad kidney cells. Apical water permeability was probed by recording cell volume changes after reducing the osmolality of the apical bath. We found that forskolin does not increase the osmotic water permeability of the apical membrane of A6 cells, and thus does not stimulate the insertion of water channels. Comparison of the effects of forskolin and insulin on Na+ transport demonstrated that both agents produce reversible increases in CT, GT and Isc. GT and CT increased proportionally during the rising phase of the insulin response. However, a non-linear relationship between both parameters was recorded when forskolin was given in NaCl Ringer's solution. The relationship between CT and GT became linear after the effects of forskolin on Cl- conductances were eliminated by substituting Cl- by an impermeant anion. In contrast, in Cl--containing Na+-free solutions, the non-linearity became more pronounced. Successive additions of insulin and forskolin caused additive increases in CT. Because increases in CT and Na+ transport occurred in the absence of stimulation of water permeability and increases of CT and GT were directly proportional when Na+ was the major permeating ion across the apical membrane, we suggest that the increase in apical Na+ permeability in the presence of either forskolin or insulin is due to the insertion of channels residing in intracellular pools. In contrast, the increased Cl- permeability caused by forskolin may be related to the activation of channels already present in the membrane.