This article is the first to explore the determinants of international relocation of a firm. It is found that labour intensive firms in a highly industrialized and open economy such as Belgium tend to relocate more to other countries than their highly productive capital. intensive counterparts. Access to a global network, firm size, and the rate of innovation have a positive effect on the probability of relocation. Uncertainty has a negative impact on the probability of relocation. The positive effect of firm size and profitability on the relocation decision is clearly distinct from its effect on the exit decision of a firm. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. JEL classivication: F21; F23.