International journal of management reviews vol:4 issue:2 pages:179-211
Science and technology development have become critical instruments in the public policy arena given their demonstrated impact on economic progress. As a consequence, a vast array of indicators for measuring and mapping scientific and technological activity, their progress and their outcomes, has been developed over recent decades (see for instance, the EU Commission, 2nd Report on S&T Indicators 1997). The majority of them relate to measuring and mapping the published journal and patent literature. The first part of this review paper focuses on a state-of-the-art overview of bibliometric: indicators and their multiple uses in supporting the development of science and technology policy, The limitations and the pitfalls related to their use are also discussed.