Technological forecasting and social change vol:53 issue:2 pages:139-154
In this article we examine how R&D networking affects an organization's innovative output. Using empirical data on 419 research organizations in transgene plant research over a 20-year period, we test several hypotheses relating their sociometric position in an R&D network to their innovative output. Attention is paid to the relative importance of in-house versus collaborative research. Least squares dummy variable models are used to analyze cross-sectional data across different time periods. The results show that (1) an organization's ''network embeddedness'' positively influences its innovative output; whereas (2) involvement in collaborative R&D has a curvilinear effect on innovative performance. (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Inc.