Cellular and molecular life sciences : CMLS. vol:63 issue:13 pages:1553-63;
The identification of 2-hydroxyphytanoyl-CoA lyase (2-HPCL), a thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP)-dependent peroxisomal enzyme involved in the alpha-oxidation of phytanic acid and of 2-hydroxy straight chain fatty acids, pointed towards a role of TPP in these processes. Until then, TPP had not been implicated in mammalian peroxisomal metabolism. The effect of thiamine deficiency on 2-HPCL and alpha-oxidation has not been studied, nor have possible adverse effects of deficient alpha-oxidation been considered in the pathogenesis of diseases associated with thiamine shortage, such as thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia (TRMA). Experiments with cultured cells and animal models showed that alpha-oxidation is controlled by the thiamine status of the cell/tissue/organism, and suggested that some pathological consequences of thiamine starvation could be related to impaired alpha-oxidation. Whereas accumulation of phytanic acid and/or 2-hydroxyfatty acids or their alpha-oxidation intermediates in TRMA patients given a normal supply of thiamine is unlikely, this may not be true when malnourished.