The authors have performed plastic reconstruction of a bronchus in a 16 years old patient, 6 1/2 weeks after rupture of the right stem bronchus. This had occurred during a blunt trauma to the thorax. In the acute phase the patient appeared completely cured by suction of the pneumothorax. Later occlusion of the bronchus with total atelectasis appeared. Respiratory function tests, blood gas analyses and pulmonary scintigrams were performed before and 12 weeks after the operation. The authors discuss the data from the literature pertaining to traumatic rupture of the bronchus in its acute phase and during progressive stenosis, for which surgery is warranted. Repair of the stenotic bronchus will make the lungs capable of assuming satisfactory hematosis.