Acta biologica et medica Germanica. vol:36 issue:7-8 pages:1067-75
Isolated vagal-innervated rabbit atria are electrically driven. Alterations of action potential, contraction, and electrotropic and inotropic vagal effects are investigated during variations of the external potassium concentration. Action potential area and contraction amplitude decrease by increasing external potassium concentration. If the potassium concentration is higher than 11 mM, the action potential disappears. At 24 mM potassium concentration the contraction amplitude of the driven atrium is reduced to 2%. Adrenaline (2.10(-5) g/ml) causes a restitution of the action potential and the contraction. With increasing potassium concentration the inotropic and the electrotropic vagal effectivity increases also. The vagal effects at the adrenaline restituted action potentials and contractions (15 mM potassium, 2.10(-5) g/ml adrenaline) are also higher than in normal solutions. The relations of electromechanical coupling are altered by potassium variation at the same coupling curve. With increasing potassium concentration the reproducibility of the vagal effects decreases.