American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:280 issue:24 pages:22800-22808
Accumulation of Ca(2+) into the Golgi apparatus is mediated by sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPases (SERCAs) and by secretory pathway Ca(2+)-ATPases (SPCAs). Mammals and birds express in addition to the housekeeping SPCA1 (human gene name ATP2C1, cytogenetic position 3q22.1) a homologous SPCA2 isoform (human gene name ATP2C2, cytogenetic position 16q24.1). We show here that both genes present an identical exon/intron layout. We confirmed that hSPCA2 has the ability to transport Ca(2+), demonstrated its Mn(2+)-transporting activity, showed its Ca(2+)- and Mn(2+)-dependent phosphoprotein intermediate formation, and documented the insensitivity of these functional activities to thapsigargin inhibition. The mRNA encoding hSPCA2 showed a limited tissue expression pattern mainly confined to the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract, prostate, thyroid, salivary, and mammary glands. Immunocytochemical localization in human colon sections presented a typical apical juxtanuclear Golgi-like staining. The expression in COS-1 cells allowed the direct demonstration of (45)Ca(2+) (K(0.5) = 0.27 microm) or (54)Mn(2+) transport into an A23187-releasable compartment.