American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. vol:278 issue:6 pages:G905-14
We studied the effect of excitatory neurotransmitters (10(-5) M) on the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) of cultured myenteric neurons. ACh evoked a response in 48.6% of the neurons. This response consisted of a fast and a slow component, respectively mediated by nicotinic and muscarinic receptors, as revealed by specific agonists and antagonists. Substance P evoked a [Ca(2+)](i) rise in 68.2% of the neurons, which was highly dependent on Ca(2+) release from intracellular stores, since after thapsigargin (5 microM) pretreatment only 8% responded. The responses to serotonin, present in 90.7%, were completely blocked by ondansetron (10(-5) M), a 5-HT(3) receptor antagonist. Specific agonists of other serotonin receptors were not able to induce a [Ca(2+)](i) rise. Removing extracellular Ca(2+) abolished all serotonin and fast ACh responses, whereas substance P and slow ACh responses were more persistent. We conclude that ACh-induced signaling involves both nicotinic and muscarinic receptors responsible for a fast and a more delayed component, respectively. Substance P-induced signaling requires functional intracellular Ca(2+) stores, and the 5-HT(3) receptor mediates the serotonin-induced Ca(2+) signaling in cultured myenteric neurons.