Journal of Materials Research

Publication date: 2007-01
Volume: 22 Pages: 2998 - 3005
ISSN: 0884-2914, 1092-8928
Publisher: Published for the Materials Research Society by the American Institute of Physics


Menéndez Dalmau, Enric
Sort, J ; Suriñach, S ; Baró, MD ; Nogués, J


0912 Materials Engineering, 0204 Condensed Matter Physics, 0913 Mechanical Engineering, Materials


The evolution of the structural and magnetic properties of metal-ceramic, cermet, nanocomposite powders, consisting of Co and alpha–Al2O3 in different proportions, prepared by ball milling has been investigated. The overall microstructure of the system, after long-term milling, is found to be very sensitive to the amount of alpha–Al2O3, yielding a less refined and faulted hexagonal-close-packed (hcp)-Co structure for the sample with larger alpha–Al2O3 percentage. The increased presence of the ceramic counterpart also causes a delay of the face-centered-cubic (fcc) to hcp-Co stress-induced transformation during ball milling. The results seem to indicate an evolution of the role of alpha–Al2O3, from increasing locally the strain rate of the mechanical work for small amounts of ceramic to absorbing milling energy for large amounts of alpha–Al2O3. The magnetic properties correlate with the obtained microstructure, where the amount of hcp-Co and stacking faults and the isolation of the Co particles by the alpha–Al2O3 control the coercivity.