Biosafety, GMOs / LMOs, Cartagena Protocol, international law implementation, Convention on Biological Diversity, genetic resources, developing countries
The exponential growth in the use and trade of living modified organisms (LMOs) has made the safe use of biotechnology (i.e. biosafety) an issue of global relevance. Modern biotechnology has the potential to further development and improve human welfare, but the potential impact of environmental releases of LMOs on other species and varied ecosystems also implies significant and unexplored risks. The adoption of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (Cartagena Protocol) contributes to the development of an international regulatory framework to enable international trade in environmentally sound applications of biotechnology. This book analyses the legal aspects of implementing the Cartagena Protocol. It provides a serious contribution to current legal and academic debates on biosafety by analysing key issues under the Cartagena Protocol that affect the design and implementation of national biosafety regulatory regimes, in a manner that takes the principles of sustainable development law into account, and can inform future evolution of the international regime. The volume also examines recent experiences with domestic laws and regulations on biosafety, canvassing the practical, legal, political and economic challenges encountered in the design and implementation of these regulatory schemes and placing special emphasis on diverse law and policy approaches taken in developing countries.